Professional Development

March 11, 2019

Writing About Science in the Primary Classroom

Writing about science can seem difficult, especially in primary grades. However, we know it is so important! With our kindergarten, first grade, and second grade learners, it’s critical that we help set the foundation of learning for them to be successful in writing about science.

Integrating science and writing is simple! Read more about why and how you can do this in this helpful blog post about writing about science!

One way to do that is to make sure students have engaging, hands-on experiences in science. This also naturally creates opportunities for students to get to discuss what they are learning with their peers. Science talk helps build strong vocabulary in young learners. Another way to promote success in writing is to have a print-rich environment with plenty of science-based resources like anchor charts, a word wall, vocabulary posters, student generated word walls, etc. These things will help scaffold our little learners’ thinking to be able to write it down.

Students can take ownership of their learning as they write and illustrate science vocabulary words.

Why Students Should Write about Science

Friends there is so much value in integrating science and writing! One big reason I mentioned above: it allows for the scaffolding of learning and for students to think about their thinking (remember all of that metacognition we learned about in college?). Over time and with practice, writing about science will help students build a solid understanding of concepts they need to master and how to use new vocabulary correctly. Writing in a content area like science also:

  • Supports ELLs who need more interaction with new vocabulary in authentic ways
  • Helps clarify and streamline students’ thinking
  • Allows for opportunities to share learning with others
  • Gives students practice communicating learning and asking questions they have about science topics

How to Integrate Writing and Science

I know I was always on a tight schedule, and I’m sure you are, too! One great way to squeeze in writing is to use it as a pre-assessment.

You can:

  • Have students write what they know in a KWL chart or answer an open-ended question.
  • During your lesson or an investigation, students can record their observations by writing them in science notebooks, tracking it on a class chart, or recording them in a book of some kind (I always like flip books!).
  • You can use writing as a post-assessment. I used a variety of methods to do this: filling out flip books, writing craftivities, KWL charts, close reading with writing extensions, and filling out various graphic organizers. You can see examples of these in my science posts like this one HERE.
Have students write about their learning in a science journal! This is also a simple way to integrate writing and reading in your kindergarten or first grade classroom.

If you plan ahead of time, you can build in writing opportunities throughout your entire lesson and week in science!

**A quick note to add the technical side of integrating writing here – I tried to focus more on the content of the writing, not necessarily the conventions. While yes, I do want them to use the correct spelling of sight words, capitalize sentences, and use punctuation, I don’t want them to get caught up in the mechanics of writing instead of focusing on the content here.

FREEBIES to Help You Get Started

This plant journal is perfect to get students writing this spring! They can document the growth of their seed to a plant with illustrations and words.

Use this FREE plant journal to write about science each day! Students can plant a plant and then record their observations daily in this FREE plant journal. #plantjournal #kindergartenscience

Interactive notebooks are such a great way to get plenty of meaningful writing in during science time. I liked to start with a class journal in kindergarten and then move to individual interactive student notebooks. You can read how I did that HERE and grab the FREE student journal covers HERE.

HERE are some free KWL charts you can use in interactive notebooks or standing alone. They’re perfect to use before, during, and after learning. You can use them for any topic you’ll cover all year long.

Grab these FREE KWL charts to use as you and your students record their learning.

How do you write about science in your classroom? Leave a comment below. I’d love to hear your ideas!

Integrating science and writing is simple! Read more about why and how you can do this in this helpful blog post about writing about science!

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Happy Teaching,


Mega Read Aloud List

Use this FREE mega list of science-related read alouds for kindergarten through second grade to help you teach science all year long! This list covers 39 science topics with 4+ book suggestions for each topic. Grab it today to be set for the entire year of science read alouds!

Hi, I'm Amanda

I’m a K-1 teacher who is passionate about making lessons your students love and that are easy to implement for teachers.  Helping teachers like you navigate their way through their literacy block brings me great joy. I am a lifelong learner who loves staying on top of current literacy learning and practices. Here, you’ll find the tools you need to move your K-2 students forward!


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