What do meatballs, butterflies, and cowboys have in common? Not much unless you are teaching compound words to your students this week. This topic can be so fun to teach because of the many different ways you can approach it. Whenever possible, I try to make sure all types of learners’ needs can be met through teaching and activities. I put together a list of some of my favorite compound word activities.
Some of these activities are perfect to use in morning work or literacy stations after students know how to do them. Introduce them during whole group time and then let students keep practicing. These compound word activities were always a hit in my classroom. Most importantly, they helped my students really learn and understand this concept.
Before I jump into the list, I want to share the Compound Words Activities unit. It has everything you’ll need to be totally set for the week teaching compound words. It has a fun character and chant to help you introduce compound words. This unit also has a pocket book, flip book, and picture puzzles. It makes teaching compound words a breeze!
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1. Use a song to help you introduce or review compound words.
I love a fun song and video to either kick-off a new concept or to review as we learn. Dr. Jean’s Compound Boogie song is catchy and has great coordinating pictures. It has plenty of examples so your students will really get the hang of it. View it HERE.
2. Create an anchor chart for students to refer to.
A good anchor chart helps make learning visible and accessible to students. It serves a visual reference for students to look to. I love to make one with the definition of a compound word and a few examples. Then, as the week goes on, we’ll take a minute or two each day and add more examples as students come up with them.
Another fun anchor chart to make is compound words that are food. There are so many! I did this as interactive writing. My students loved adding to this chart!
3. Use read alouds for students to practice listening for compound words.
Read alouds are powerful tools that can help reach auditory learners, build background knowledge, and help grow strategic readers. Read alouds also help you integrate topics, like compound words, throughout the day. While you read, have students listen for compound words. You can have them raise their hands when they hear one. Here are a few books to use for compound words:
- Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs by Judi Barrett
- If You Were a Compound Word by Trisha Speed Shaskan
- Thumbtacks, Earwax, Lipstick, Dipstick: What Is a Compound Word? By Brian P. Cleary
- Once There Was a Bull…Frog by Rick Walton
4. Use Duplo blocks for hands-on practice.
Write words on the blocks by using my favorite Post-It tape on shorter Duplo blocks. Have students place two short Duplo blocks together on a longer one to make a compound word. If you have very low-level readers, you can simply add pictures. You can have students write the new compound word they created and illustrate it if you want something you can check afterward.
5. Implement self-checking puzzles.
Puzzles are such a great way for students to use their hands and brains while learning. Self-checking puzzles help students immediately see if their thinking is correct or not. Just write a word and draw a simple picture on each side of a notecard. For example, tree and house. Make a unique cut, like a zig-zag, and cut the notecard in half. Create several of these and mix them up.
In my Compound Word Activities Unit, I have this activity already done for you. Plus, there’s a recording page to make it easy for students to jot down their matches and for you to check them.
6. Introduce hands-on games to reinforce learning.
Most students in kindergarten, first grade, and second grade know how to play memory. Add a twist to the classic game with compound words. After you introduce this and model how to play, let students practice. Then, you can use it during morning work or in a word work or game literacy station.
- Make picture word cards for the compound word and its two individual words. For example, treehouse, tree, and house.
- Do this for several compound words.
- Next, flip the cards facedown.
- Students take turns flipping over three cards, saying/reading each one.
- Finally, if they flip over the three cards that go together (tree, house, and treehouse), they get to keep them and get a point.
7. Use online games.
There are several games online that you could use to let students practice identifying and making compound words. If you have iPads, you could use them in literacy stations. Check out what I found on YouTube.
- The Guess the Word Challenge is a video that shows two pictures. Students have to guess the compound word before the clock countdown ends.
- Similarly, The Compound Word Game is very similar. The main difference is this game does have some audio of someone saying the name of each picture, and the other game has no audio.
You can have students play two ways:
- Think, pair, and share the answer. Give a thumbs up or down if their partner got it correct.
- Let students write or draw the answers on whiteboards and hold them up to show you.
8. Sort compound words and not compound words.
Sorting is one of the higher-level compound word activities on Bloom’s Taxonomy. Show some examples of compound words with pictures and words that are not compound words. Have students sort them.
If you want this activity already all planned and done for you, my Compound Word Activities has this activity in it. Students make a pocket book and sort the pictures. I love sorting this way because it’s interactive, and the students can take the pieces out, mix them up, and sort them again.
These eight compound word activities will be sure that the different types of students’ learning needs are met and support your ELL students, too. Remember that with any concept you teach, it’s important to add variety to your lessons and activities. As a result, students will be engaged and learn more effectively.
Do you have any must-do compound word activities? Leave a comment and let me know!
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Compound Word Activities Unit : This unit has interactive activities to help you teach compound words and help your students master this standard. It includes:
- Fun Compound Word Chant
- Compound Connection Puzzles (18 picture puzzles and recording sheets)
- Compound Connie (character used to help introduce the concept with activities)
- Pocket Book for Compound Word Sort
- Compound Flip Book (creating compound words)