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We were sitting at my guided reading table for the hundredth time. We had been working on the same sight words in guided reading for the last 3 weeks. What was I doing wrong? What was I missing? Why wasn’t it clicking? We were doing “all the right things”, I thought.
Early on in my teaching career, I felt like I was spinning my wheels with some of my readers.
I knew that practicing sight words in guided reading was an important part of the lesson cycle, but I’ll be honest–it took me a while to figure out how to squeeze it into an already short 20 minute time period in a meaningful way.
Figuring out how to choose sight words and efficient ways to practice them was a little tricky. Once I got a solid routine for this part of guided reading down, I noticed the students at my table were more successful! Let me share what I learned so you’ll be able to implement it quickly, too!
Importance of Teaching Sight Words to Young Readers
Did you know that sight words can make up over 50% of all reading materials?
These sight words, or high frequency words, are simply words that are not easily sounded out. If our readers can master sight words, they can devote more effort and brain power to decoding more difficult words.
When you combine sight word practice, balanced literacy practices, and phonics instruction, you’ll build more successful and fluent readers.
Fountas and Pinnell (Guided Reading: Good First Teaching for All Children, 1996) said learning sight words is useful to young readers because:
- Knowing them lets our readers pay attention to the new words in a text.
- They can be a springboard to solving new, unknown words.
- They increase speed and fluency to reading and writing.
- Knowing them fosters the youngest readers’ reading behaviors like one to one matching.
Choosing Sight Words for Guided Reading
Some districts and teaching teams have their own list of sight words to use. Others choose the Dolch list or Fry’s sight word list. Ultimately, it is up to each teacher to choose the best sight word list or come up with his or her own, while being compliant to the school’s policies.
During guided reading, what I do with each group would depend on the level. However, for all of my groups, we would go over the sight words they would find in their text that day.
We want our readers to be as successful as possible while reading, and helping them find and identify sight words will help them be more fluent readers.
5 Ways to Practice Sight Words in Guided Reading
Remember, the word work block during guided reading is very brief – about five minutes. (You can read all about it in the Structuring a Guided Reading Lesson post.)
Though each group’s practice looked a little different, I tended to do this one routine with all of my groups:
- I will show them the sight word card or they will find the sight word on the word wall
- Write it 3 times fast
- Read it 3 times fast
- Repeat with other sight words
This was a very fast and effective way to review sight words during in guided reading.
Here are a few other great ways to practice sight words during guided reading:
- Use Magna doodle boards to let students practice writing sight words several times in a row. You can also time them and have races to make it fun!
- “Read it. Build it. Write it.” Have students read the word, build it, and write it. I loved doing this with magnetic dry erase boards and letters. You can also have students do this with letter tiles and the Magna doodle boards. Every time you change up a small element, it will seem fresh and fun for your students!
- “Make it. Mix it. Fix it.” Tell the students a sight word and have them make it with magnetic letters or letter tiles. Then, have them mix up the letters. Finally, students will fix the word and build it again correctly.
- “Write it. Cut it. Mix it. Fix it.” Have students write a sight word on an index card, cut it apart, mix it up, and then fix it. You can also have them write the word three times quickly on a dry erase board or magna doodle. Then, you can save the index card in a baggie for students to practice with again later.
- Use iPads. If you have a set of iPads, you can use several different apps to let students practice their sight words. My favorites are the ABC Magnetic Alphabet and the Interactive Whiteboard apps. You can read more about them in THIS POST.
Remember, reviewing the sight words students will be seeing in the text that day helps put them in context.
If you’re needing an easy way to track sight word progress, you can check out my progress monitoring systems for kindergarten and first grade. HERE is a helpful blog post that explains how I used them in my classroom.
If you are looking for a fun way to review sight words, then check out these FREE Sight Word Games here.
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Making Sight Words Stick is a helpful post with more ways to integrate teaching sight words throughout your day. It also includes a free printable with a list of simple sight word games.
25 Sight Word Tips and Tricks has fun, hands-on ideas for practicing sight words as a class, in small groups, during literacy stations, and as morning work.